Gynecological surgery specifically aimed at restoring or maintaining reproductive function is called reproductive surgery. Among gynecologic surgeons, those who specialize in reproductive endocrinology and infertility are specifically trained to be attentive to a woman’s future reproductive needs. The goal is to minimize the negative impact of surgery on the reproductive organs. Many minimally invasive procedures can be done in a day-surgery setting. Reproductive surgeons are specifically skilled at minimally invasive gynecological surgery techniques such as laparoscopy, hysteroscopy or robotic surgery. Gynecological surgery may be performed for a number of conditions including myomectomy (fibroid treatment), endometriosis treatment and tubal ligation reversal.
Antonio R. Gargiulo, MD, reproductive endocrinologist and surgeon at Brigham and Women's Hospital, discusses why it is important for women who have not completed having children to choose a reproductive surgeon when they are faced with uterine, tubal and ovarian pathologies.