There are several types of prostatitis or inflammation of the prostate gland—each with a varying degree of symptoms. Some men experience significant pelvic pain while others do not have any discomfort. The causes of prostatitis vary. If prostatitis is caused by a bacterial infection, it can usually be treated successfully. Chronic prostatitis, also known as pelvic pain syndrome, is a common type that is not associated with any infecting organism. Prostatitis may come on gradually or suddenly and certain types of prostatitis linger or keep recurring.
There are several types of prostatitis:
While the exact cause of prostatitis is not fully known, there are several clinically-proven factors that contribute to the condition:
Symptoms depend on the type of prostatitis. Some men do not notice any symptoms, while others experience symptoms similar to those of a urinary tract infection. Symptoms include:
Effective treatment varies depending upon the type of prostatitis, so it is important that the diagnosis be accurate. In addition to a complete medical history and physical examination, your urologist may complete the following diagnostic tests and procedures:
Treatment for prostatitis depends on the type of prostatitis. Your urologist will discuss recommended treatment methods with you.
Hot sitz baths or other heat methods relieve discomfort as do pillows, biofeedback and relaxation exercises. Discontinuing spicy foods, caffeinated drinks and activities that exacerbate the problem also help.
You will receive a thorough diagnostic evaluation and receive clinically-proven treatment by a board-certified urologist who specializes in prostatitis. Our goal is to alleviate symptoms so you can return to every life. Appointments are confidential and private.
Brigham and Women's Hospital practices a multidisciplinary approach to patient care, routinely collaborating with colleagues in other medical specialties. If your urologist discovers that an underlying illness has contributed to your prostatitis, you will be referred to an appropriate BWH physician for an evaluation.
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