Uterine Polyps

What are Uterine Polyps?

Uterine polyps, also called endometrial polyps, are excess outgrowths of the endometrium (innermost uterine layer) in the uterine cavity.

The prevalence of polyps is estimated to be 10 percent to 24 percent of women undergoing hysterectomy (surgical removal of the uterus) or localized endometrial biopsy.

Uterine polyps are rare among women younger than 20 years of age. The incidence of these polyps rises steadily with increasing age, peaking in the fifth decade of life, and gradually declining after menopause.

What are the Symptoms of Uterine Polyps?

The most frequent symptom of women with uterine polyps is menorrhagia (irregular, acyclic uterine bleeding), which is reported in 50 percent of symptomatic cases. Post-menstrual spotting is also common.

Less frequent symptoms include heavy menstrual bleeding, post-menopausal bleeding, and breakthrough bleeding during hormonal therapy. Overall, uterine polyps account for 25 percent of abnormal bleeding in both premenopausal and postmenopausal women.

Uterine polyps are often diagnosed by microscopic examination of a specimen obtained after endometrial biopsy or dilation and curettage but they also be diagnosed on ultrasound or hysteroscopy.

What are Treatments for Uterine Polyps?

The majority of cases of uterine polyps are cured by thorough dilation and curettage. However, removal of polyps or other structural abnormalities may be missed by blind curettage, therefore, a surgical procedure may be needed.

Hysteroscopy is a procedure that is performed minimally invasively at Brigham and Women’s Hospital. Using a thin instrument with a lens, light source and camera attached to one end. This procedure enables surgeons to thoroughly examine the lining of the uterus and to remove the uterine polyps.

The benefits of minimally invasive surgery include:

  • Faster recovery
  • Less pain
  • Smaller incisions

Center for Infertility and Reproductive Surgery (CIRS) at Brigham and Women’s Hospital

The Center for Infertility and Reproductive Surgery (CIRS) at Brigham and Women’s Hospital (BWH) is one of the premier infertility and reproductive medicine programs in the country. Our renowned team has one of the highest numbers of physicians in the nation that are certified by the American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology in reproductive endocrinology and fertility services. Our expertise and access to the latest therapies and technologies in reproductive disorders and reproductive surgery enable us to tailor treatments to meet your individual needs. View our Center for Infertility and Reproductive Surgery Team.

Obstetrics and Gynecology Care at Brigham and Women’s Hospital

The faculty members and researchers at the BWH Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology are dedicated to doing everything possible to provide women and their families with the most advanced care available anywhere.

As a teaching hospital of Harvard Medical School, we are world-renowned for our expertise in gynecology and obstetrics, and have been a trusted name in women’s health for more than 180 years. Our rich history includes landmark research that has helped guide the care provided to women around the world. Learn more about our research.

Our commitment to patient- and family-focused care has shaped our Center for Women and Newborns at the Mary Horrigan Connors Center for Women’s Health – world-renowned for the quality of our obstetrical and neonatal care and dedicated to the most comprehensive state-of-the-art obstetrical services under one roof. Brigham and Women’s Hospital is the birthing center most women in Massachusetts choose and U.S. News & World Report has repeatedly named Brigham and Women’s Hospital among the top hospitals in the nation in Gynecology.

Patient- and Family-focused Care

BWH has long been committed to not only the care of our patients but also the many other needs that they and their families have. This philosophy of patient- and family-focused care – involving systems and services that emphasize healing in a comfortable, relaxed environment – is a guiding force behind the care we provide.

Quality of Patient Care

BWH is committed to providing all of our patients with the safest, highest-quality, care possible and follow established protocols that have been shown to improve patient outcomes. Our Inpatient Satisfaction Survey, sent to patients’ to assess their total care experience, helps us to monitor what we are doing well and where we could improve. We pride ourselves in the Quality of Patient Care we provide and how we compare with other hospitals.

Brigham and Women’s Uterine Polyp Care Team

The Division of Minimally Invasive Gynecologic Surgery care team is committed to patients and their families. Each patient's diagnosis and treatment plan will be designed and tailored to their needs. Our team of highly skilled doctors, nurses, and other health care professionals work together to deliver the highest quality care to every patient. View our Minimally Invasive Gynecologic Surgery Team.

Contact Us

If you believe you should have an evaluation and would like to schedule an appointment with one of our uterine polyp experts, call 1-800-294-9999 to speak to one of our knowledgeable coordinators who can help to connect you to the doctor that best meets your needs, or fill out an online appointment request form.

Learn more about Brigham and Women's Hospital

For over a century, a leader in patient care, medical education and research, with expertise in virtually every specialty of medicine and surgery.

About BWH