Joint Repair Overview

There are many conditions that affect joints of the hip, knee, shoulder, elbow, ankle, and wrist that require medical treatment and possible surgery to repair. Common joint conditions include:

  • Dislocation – Joint dislocation, most common in the shoulder, is often caused by a significant force that separates the joint away from its socket.
  • Separation – The joint becomes separated when the ligaments attached to the bones are torn, or partially torn. This condition may be caused by a sudden, forceful blow to the joint, or as a result of a fall.
  • Bursitis – Bursitis often occurs when tendonitis and impingement syndrome cause inflammation of the bursa sacs that protect the large joints, such as in the shoulders, elbows, hips, and knees.
  • Impingement syndrome – Impingement syndrome is caused by the excessive squeezing or rubbing of the rotator cuff and shoulder blade. The pain associated with the syndrome is a result of an inflamed bursa (lubricating sac) over the rotator cuff, inflammation of the rotator cuff tendons, and calcium deposits in tendons due to wear and tear. Shoulder impingement syndrome can lead to a torn rotator cuff.
  • Tendonitis – Tendonitis is inflammation of a tendon (the tough cords of tissue that connect muscles to bones) that can affect any tendon in the body. When the tendons become irritated, swelling, pain, and discomfort will occur.
  • Fracture – A fracture is a partial or total crack or break through a bone that usually occurs due to an impact injury.

There are many factors that your doctor will use to determine the specific treatment including age, overall health, medical history, and the severity of the condition. Not every injury requires surgery and non-surgical treatments can include modifications to your exercise regimen, rest, physical therapy, and medications. If non-surgical treatments do not work, you may need surgery to repair the shoulder.

What is Joint Repair?

After tests have been completed to determine the extent of the joint damage, surgery may be needed. At Brigham and Women’s Hospital provide the latest advanced treatments and surgical techniques for sports and shoulder injuries as well as cartilage injuries, joint preservation, and total joint replacement surgery to the shoulder, knee, and hip.

Our experts provide:

  • Joint replacement revision – the removal of an injured or arthritic joint that is replaced with an artificial joint.
  • Arthroscopic surgery – the use of an arthroscope (small camera) to examine and repair the injured joint through a small incision.
  • Rotator cuff and labrum repair
  • Joint preservation
  • Fracture reduction/fixation
  • Treatment for joint instability
  • Tendon transfers
  • Treatment for nerve injuries

Joint Treatment at Brigham and Women’s Hospital

Orthopaedic surgeons in the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery at BWH provide unique, innovative and comprehensive diagnosis, treatment and management for joint injuries and a wide spectrum of other orthopaedic conditions.

The Advanced Center for Cartilage Repair, Shoulder, and Sports Injury is experienced in the most advanced treatments of ligament and cartilage injuries, joint preservation, and total joint replacement surgery to the knee as well as hip and shoulder.

Joint Care at Brigham and Women’s Hospital

The Orthopaedic & Arthritis Center at BWH is one of the most highly regarded orthopaedic and joint disease research and treatment programs in the world. Comprehensive and innovative bone and joint care is the foundation of the Center, beginning nearly a century ago when one of our founding hospitals, the Robert Breck Brigham Hospital, became the first teaching hospital in the country wholly devoted to arthritis and related diseases.

Today, the Center – a collaboration of the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and the Division of Rheumatology, Inflammation, and Immunity – is known for its pioneering team of physicians and researchers dedicated to doing everything possible for our patients while helping to develop and apply the most advanced treatments for bone and joint diseases and conditions.

Patient- and Family-centered Care

BWH has long been committed to not only the care of our patients but also the many other needs that they and their families have. This philosophy of patient- and family-centered care involves systems and services that emphasize healing in a comfortable, relaxed environment.

Quality of Patient Care

BWH is committed to providing all of our patients with the safest, highest-quality, most-satisfying care possible and follow established protocols that have been shown to improve patient outcomes. Our Inpatient Satisfaction Survey, sent to patients’ to assess their total care experience, helps us to monitor what we are doing well and areas for improvement. We pride ourselves in the Quality of Patient Care we provide and how we are measured compared with other hospitals.

Brigham and Women’s Hospital Orthopaedic Treatment Team

Year after year, our Orthopaedic Services – working closely with colleagues in Rheumatology – are ranked among the top programs in the country by US News & World Report.

Additional Resources

Contact Us

If you believe you should have an evaluation and would like to schedule an appointment with one of our orthopaedic experts, call 1-800-294-9999 to speak to one of our knowledgeable coordinators who can help to connect you to the doctor that best meets your needs.

Learn more about Brigham and Women's Hospital

For over a century, a leader in patient care, medical education and research, with expertise in virtually every specialty of medicine and surgery.

About BWH