The Lung Center at Brigham and Women’s Hospital (BWH) provides specialized, comprehensive care for a range of lung conditions—from congenital lung diseases such as cystic fibrosis, to breathing issues like asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), to respiratory failure and complex lung and chest cancers.
At BWH, patients receive diagnostic care and treatment that is both broad-reaching and individualized. Patient care is provided by board-certified thoracic surgeons and pulmonologists working closely together and with a multidisciplinary team of sub-specialists. Together they develop specialized care for specific diseases, a focused and all-inclusive approach that meets every need of every patient.
Lung and Chest Diseases and Conditions
Adult Cystic Fibrosis
Patients with this life-threatening inherited disease have special challenges in their adult years. Learn more about adult cystic fibrosis.
This chronic condition causes the airways to narrow and swell, producing extra mucus and difficulty breathing. Learn more about asthma.
A condition in which airways in the lung become enlarged, bronchiectasis leads to areas of pooled secretions and recurrent infections. Learn more about bronchiectasis.
Chest Wall Cancer
Cancers of the chest wall are relatively rare and difficult to treat. Learn more about chest wall cancer.
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) and Emphysema
COPD refers to a group of lung diseases that interfere with normal breathing. The two most common are chronic bronchitis and emphysema. Learn more about chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and emphysema.
A cough that you have had for a month or longer is considered chronic and may be symptomatic of a serious respiratory disorder. Learn more about cough.
Cryptogenic Organizing Pneumonia (COP)
This rare form of pneumonia affects the small airways (bronchioles) and alveoli (tiny air sacs). Learn more about cryptogenic organizing pneumonia (COP).
Dyspnea/Shortness of Breath
People who experience dyspnea feel short of breath. Dyspnea can range from mild to severe. Learn more about dyspnea/shortness of breath.
Empyema and Lung Infection
Empyema is an accumulation of pus in the pleural space that must be drained by a needle or surgery. Pneumonia is an infection within the lung typically treated with medication. Learn more about empyema and lung infection.
End-Stage Lung Disease
When a lung disease progresses to the point that lung function is seriously compromised, the disease is considered “end-stage.” Learn more about end-stage lung disease.
Eosinophilic Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis (EGPA)
Formerly known as Churg-Strauss Syndrome, EGPA is a rare autoimmune disorder. Learn more about EGPA.
Germ Cell Tumors
Germ cell tumors may be either cancerous or non-cancerous and may occur in the chest, abdomen or brain. Learn more about germ cell tumors.
Interstitial Lung Disease (ILD)
Interstitial lung disease is caused by an inflammation in the interstitium, the tissue surrounding and separating the lung’s air sacs. Learn more about interstitial lung disease (ILD).
Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) is a rare, progressive lung disease caused by a gene mutation that mostly affects women. Learn more about Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM).
Lung cancer forms in tissues of the lung, usually in the cells lining air passages. The two main types are small cell and non-small cell lung cancer. Learn more about lung cancer.
Many things can produce a lung nodule: an enlarged lymph node, an old pneumonia or infection, phlegm impacted in a tiny airway, or other causes. Learn more about lung nodules.
Cancer that begins in the cells of the lymphatic system, lymphoma includes Hodgkin’s lymphoma (Hodgkin’s disease) and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. Learn more about lymphoma.
This rare form of cancer commonly affects the outer lining of the lungs and internal chest wall. It usually occurs from exposure to asbestos. Learn more about mesothelioma.
A neurogenic tumor originates from cells that make up the nervous system. It is the most common tumor of the mediastinum. Learn more about neurogenic tumors.
Occupational and Environmental Lung Diseases
Lung diseases can be caused or aggravated by chemical irritants, allergens or toxins in the work or home environments. Learn more about occupational and environmental lung diseases.
Malformations can occur in the ribs and sternum of the chest wall, in which the sternum is abnormally sunken (pectus excavatum) or abnormally prominent (pectus carinatum). Learn more about pectus malformation.
When the tissue lining the lungs becomes irritated or infected, an excessive buildup of fluid develops known as pleural effusion or “water on the lungs.” Learn more about pleural effusion.
Pneumonia is a lung infection caused by bacteria or viruses. Patients may cough, run a fever and have difficulty breathing. Learn more about pneumonia.
Commonly known as “collapsed lung,” pneumothorax occurs when air from the lung leaks into the area between the lung and the wall of the chest cavity. Learn more about pneumothorax.
Pulmonary Vascular Disease
Pulmonary vascular disease (PVD) is a broad term including any condition that affects the blood vessels within the lungs. Learn more about pulmonary vascular disease.
When there is not enough oxygen passing from the lung into the blood, respiratory failure can result. Learn more about respiratory failure.
Rib fractures are most commonly caused by blunt injuries to the chest resulting from a car accident, fall or assault. Learn more about rib fractures.
This rare inflammatory disease affects the lungs (pulmonary sarcoidosis) in 90 percent of patients. It can occur in almost any organ. Learn more about sarcoidosis.
Thoracic Outlet Syndrome (TOS)
This condition involves compression of the nerves or vessels in the thoracic outlet, a small area between the collarbone, first rib and vertebra. Learn more about thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS).
Thymoma and Thymic Cancer
In these rare diseases, malignant cancer cells form within the thymus gland, a small organ under the breastbone that is part of the lymphatic system. Learn more about thymoma and thymic cancer.
Inflammation can cause narrowing of the trachea, while birth defects or injury can cause it to become soft and floppy. Tumors can cause blockage of the trachea or the main bronchi. Learn more about tracheal disorders.
Tuberculosis and Nontuberculosis Mycobacteria
Tuberculosis is an infection spread via coughs and sneezes. Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) lung infection occurs when a person inhales organisms found in water and soil. Learn more about tuberculosis and nontuberculous mycobacteria.
This page was last modified on 8/29/2016