Laparoscopy is a procedure used to examine the organs of the abdominal cavity. Laparoscopy utilizes a laparoscope, a thin flexible tube containing a video camera. The laparoscope is placed through a small incision in the abdomen and produces images that can be seen on a computer screen. The advantage of laparoscopy is that it allows a direct view of the abdominal and pelvic organs and structures without the need for major surgery. Gynecological surgery can be performed through small (5-12mm) incisions which allows for quicker recovery, less pain, less scarring, and less blood loss.
Hysteroscopy is the visual examination of the canal of the cervix and interior of the uterus using a thin, lighted, flexible tube called a hysteroscope. The device is inserted through the vagina. Hysteroscopy may be used for both diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. Therapeutic maneuvers, such as taking a tissue sample (biopsy), removal of polyps or fibroid tumors, or preventing bleeding with cautery (destruction of tissue by electric current, freezing, heat, or chemicals) may be performed during a hysteroscopy procedure.
Minimally invasive gynecological surgery treatments include:
laparoscopic excision of endometriosis
laparoscopic management of ectopic pregnancy
laparoscopic excision of ovarian cysts
laparoscopic lysis of pelvic adhesions
laparoscopic reversal of tubal sterilization
laparoscopic or laparotomic excision of fibroids (myomectomy)