Endometriosis is a condition where cells that are normally found in the lining of the uterus are present in other parts of the body, including the ovaries, fallopian tubes, the lining of the abdomen, the bowel and/or the bladder. Because these cells are the same as those that line the uterus, they respond to estrogen and may grow or bleed slightly each month during a women's menstrual cycle.
Endometriosis symptoms are varied and may include:
Endometriosis symptoms may also include infertility in some women. It is estimated that the condition affects approximately 176 million women worldwide , though many women experience no endometriosis symptoms at all and may not know they have endometriosis until it is discovered during a pelvic exam or during treatment for other conditions, such as fibroid treatment for ovarian fibroma.
While there is no cure for endometriosis, physicians may address endometriosis symptoms with a wide variety of treatments. Most women will need to try a number of treatments to find the combination that is most successful at relieving their endometriosis symptoms. Endometriosis treatment may include:
When endometriosis symptoms include fertility, treatment options include:
Women seeking treatment for endometriosis symptoms can find world-class care at the Center for Infertility and Reproductive Surgery at Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH). As one of the premier infertility and reproductive medicine programs in the country, our team has specialized expertise and access to the latest therapies and technologies to treat reproductive disorders like endometriosis and its symptoms.
In addition to treating endometriosis symptoms, physicians at the Center provide diagnosis and treatment for the full spectrum of reproductive disorders, genetic conditions and infertility, including myomectomy treatment for fibroma, removal of uterine polyps, and other conditions.
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