A fibroma, also known as a uterine fibroid, is a non-cancerous tumor that often appears in the smooth muscle layer of the uterus. As many as 70 percent of women may have a fibroma, but only roughly 25 percent of women of reproductive age experience symptoms.
It is unclear what causes a fibroma to form, but researchers believe it may be caused by hormones in the body, and that a woman's genes may play a role. A fibroma may be so small that it can be hard to see without a microscope, or it may grow so large that it fills the entire uterus and weighs several pounds.
Many women with a fibroma have no symptoms, and are only aware that they have the condition after a fibroma is discovered during a pelvic exam or other test.
Common symptoms of a fibroma include:
Surgical treatment for a fibroma includes:
Non-surgical treatment options include:
The Division of Minimally Invasive Gynecologic Surgery at Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH) provides comprehensive care for women with a wide range of gynecological conditions, including pelvic pain, endometriosis, ovarian cysts, cervical incompetence, abdominal uterine bleeding and uterine fibroids.
In addition to treatment for a fibroma, patients may consult with physicians and surgeons at the Center about ovarian fibroma, uterine polyps, and endometriosis symptoms and endometriosis treatment, and other conditions related to infertility and reproductive disorders.
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