Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a condition in which the muscle of the heart's left ventricle becomes thicker than normal, making it hard are for blood to leave the heart and get to the rest of the body. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy forces the heart to work harder to pump blood, and may also affect the hearts mitral valve, causing blood to leak backward through the valve.
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a rare condition that is usually passed down through families, and may be found in people of all ages.
Symptoms of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
Some patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy experience no symptoms – they may be unaware they have the condition until it is discovered during a medical exam. For some younger patients, the first symptom of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy may be sudden collapse and possible death, caused by an extremely abnormal heart rhythm or the blockage of blood flow from the heart to other organs.
Other common symptoms include:
Dizziness or lightheadedness, especially during physical activity
Fainting, especially during exercise
Shortness of breath during physical activity or after lying down or being asleep for a period of time
Heart palpitations – a sensation of strongly feeling the heart beating
Patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy can find comprehensive and innovative care at the Cardiovascular Genetics Program at Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH). Located in our state-of-the-art Heart & Vascular Center, the program combines the latest research and advanced technologies to deliver leading-edge evaluation and care for individuals at risk for inherited cardiac disease.
Treatment for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy at BWH may include:
The team at the Cardiovascular Genetics Program at Brigham and Women’s Hospital (BWH) specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. To make an appointment, please call 1-800-294-9999. In addition to treatment for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, patients at the Shapiro Cardiovascular Center may also receive care for a broad range of other cardiac conditions, including cardiac amyloidosis, arrhythmia, vascular disease, and heart failure or congestive heart failure treatment. BWH is also recognized as a leading provider of services for women and heart disease.