Craniofacial trauma is injury to the soft tissue and/or bone of the face and skull. These injuries are as diverse in their causes as they are their severity. Because the face represents a significant percentage of what makes up our distinguishable qualities as an individual, even small changes or alterations in our facial structure are able to be perceived by others either overtly or subconsciously. Therefore it is of paramount importance when undergoing repairs and reconstructions after trauma or other surgical procedures, that a surgeon who specializes in craniofacial surgery be involved.
The craniofacial plastic surgeons at Brigham and Women’s Hospital are experts in techniques to reconstruct the face after injury, trauma and cancer. They are also experienced in state-of-the-art surgeries to improve facial paralysis and relieve pain caused by conditions and injury. They are among the best facial reconstruction surgeons in the country.
Using techniques employed in cosmetic and microvascular reconstructive surgery, like fat and skin grafting, and bone and soft tissue transplantation, surgeons can often replace missing or disfigured parts of the face with tissue and bone from nearby areas. For example, neck skin and fat can be moved up to the cheek to replace the skin and tissue there. Tissue can be removed from another part of the body (such as the abdomen or leg), moved to the face, and covered with skin from a nearby area.
Our goal is to help our patients achieve their full promise, without being defined or limited by a disfigurement or malformation.
Facial Paralysis and Pain
Facial paralysis and pain can be debilitating and cause those suffering from the conditions to retreat from the activities of daily living. Facial paralysis can be caused by a number of conditions, including:
Brain tumor or tumor removal
Moebius syndrome, a birth defect that results in the absence of the sixth and seventh facial cranial nerve
Other congenital abnormalities
Facial pain generally stems from:
Atypical facial pain
A Multidisciplinary Approach
To ensure the right team for the patient’s often complex situation, our team includes:
oral and maxillofacial surgeons
psychologists and social workers
If you have questions about Craniofacial Surgery/Trauma, please contact us.