Skin grafting – or transplantation of skin -- is used to treat a serious injury to the body’s skin usually following surgical removal (or debridement) of damaged skin. The grafts reduce the course of treatment needed and improve the function and appearance of the affected area.
There are two types of skin grafts; the more common type is where a thin layer is removed from a healthy part of the body (the donor section) like peeling a potato, or a full thickness skin graft, which involves pitching and cutting skin away from the donor section. A full thickness skin graft is more risky, in terms of the body accepting the skin, yet it leaves only a scar line on the donor section, similar to a Cesarean section scar. For full thickness skin grafts, the donor section will often heal much more quickly than the injury and is less painful than a partial thickness skin graft.